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NCJ Number: 229719 Find in a Library
Title: Understanding Victim Support as Crime Prevention Work: The Construction of Young Victims and Villains in the Dominant Crime Victim Discourse in Sweden
Journal: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention  Volume:10  Issue:2  Dated:2009  Pages:120-143
Author(s): Cecilia Hansen Lofstrand
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 24
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article examines the idea of support to young crime victims in Sweden as a form of crime prevention.
Abstract: Starting from the observation that a new victim category has emerged in the form of the 'young crime victim', this article explores the notion of support to young crime victims as crime prevention work, considering it as an important constituent of the dominant crime victim discourse among support professionals. In the context of the support work, the (young) 'victim' and the (young) 'villain' provide mutually necessary counterparts constructed in relation to each other. Corresponding to this division, two approaches in criminal and crime prevention policy and practice are then analysed using Garland's notions of 'the criminology of the self' and 'the criminology of the other'. The first of these strategies is generally associated with rehabilitative measures (with the resulting normalization of the crime, its victims, and villains), while in the second punitive measures remain the norm (with the crime, its victims, and villains becoming 'Otherized'). Yet, as shown within the context of rehabilitation organized as support to young crime victims, both of these (at first glance mutually contradictory) discourses are drawn upon and operationalized by the professional support staff constructing images of young victims and villains in their daily work. Help-seeking youths resistant to identifying as victims remain represented as (possible future) villains. References (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Crime prevention measures
Index Term(s): Crimes against persons; Juvenile victims; Psychological victimization effects; Sweden; Victim profiles; Victim services; Victims in foreign countries; Victims of Crime
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