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NCJ Number: 229723 Find in a Library
Title: Protective Families in High- and Low-risk Environments: Implications for Adolescent Substance Use
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:39  Issue:2  Dated:February 2010  Pages:114-126
Author(s): Michael J. Cleveland; Mark E. Feinberg; Mark T. Greenberg
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Pennsylvania Cmssn on Crime and Delinquency
Harrisburg, PA 17108-1167
Grant Number: PF DA100075;T32 DA017629-01A1
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined how family protective factors in high- and low-risk environments influenced adolescents' use of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs.
Abstract: This study used data from a sample of 6th to 12th grade students (N = 48,641, 51 percent female), nested in 192 schools, to determine if the influence of family-based protective factors varied across different school contexts. Hierarchical logistic regression models were used to examine the effects of individual-level family protective factors, relative to school-level aggregates of the same factors, on recent (past 30 days) use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana. Cross-level interactions indicated that the effect of the student's level of family protection, relative to other students in their school, differed depending on the aggregated school level of family protection. The results suggested that the benefit of belonging to a well-functioning family was more influential for students attending schools characterized by higher-than-average aggregated levels of protection compared to students attending schools of lower-than-average protection. Thus, family-level factors offered less protection for students in relatively high-risk school contexts. These results were consistent with a protective - reactive interaction and suggest that a thorough understanding of adolescent substance use must consider the complex interplay among adolescents, their families, and their social environments. Tables, figures, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Adolescents at risk
Index Term(s): Adolescent chemical dependency; Domestic relations; Drug use; Family structure; Home environment; Juvenile drug abusers; Parent-Child Relations; Parental attitudes; Underage Drinking
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