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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229724 Find in a Library
Title: Attachment to Parents, Social Anxiety, and Close Relationships of Female Students over the Transition to College
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:39  Issue:2  Dated:February 2010  Pages:127-137
Author(s): Stephanie H. Parade; Esther M. Leerkes; A. Nayena Blankson
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 11
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined whether social anxiety mediated the relationship between young adults' attachment to parents prior to college and their satisfaction and ease in forming close relationships at the end of their first semester at college.
Abstract: The current study examined the process by which attachment to parents influences satisfaction with and ease in forming friendships at college. One hundred seventy-two female college freshmen completed a measure of parental attachment security the summer before their first semester of college (July 2006) and measures to assess satisfaction with and ease in forming close relationships at the end of their first semester (December 2006). Students ranged in age from 18 to 20 years (M = 18.09, SD = 0.33) and were diverse in their racial makeup (30 percent racial minority). Consistent with predictions derived from attachment theory, secure attachment to parents was positively associated with ease in forming friendships among racial minority and White participants and satisfaction with friendships among minority participants. Moreover, indirect effects of parental attachment security on relationship outcomes through social anxiety were significant for minority participants but not for White participants. Findings may be useful in the development of retention programs targeted at incoming university freshmen, particularly minority students. Figure, tables, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Young Adults (18-24)
Index Term(s): Antisocial attitudes; Family structure; Home environment; Parental attitudes; Social conditions; Socialization
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