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NCJ Number: 229727 Find in a Library
Title: Relationship Between Anxiety Disorders and Substance Use Among Adolescents in the Community: Specificity and Gender Differences
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:39  Issue:2  Dated:February 2010  Pages:177-188
Author(s): Ping Wu; Renee D. Goodwin; Cordelia Fuller; Xinhua Liu; Jonathan S. Comer; Patricia Cohen; Christina W. Hoven
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA013473
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined three categories of adolescent substance use in relation to the co-occurrence of anxiety disorders, separation anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, focusing on gender differences in the patterns of these relationships.
Abstract: Using a sample of 781 adolescents (ages 13-17, 52.8 percent male) from a community survey, this study examined gender differences in the co-occurrence of specific anxiety disorders with substance use in adolescents. The associations between anxiety disorders and substance use differed according to the particular anxiety disorders and forms of substance use being examined, as well as by gender. Social phobia was associated with cigarette smoking among boys only. For girls, social phobia appeared to be negatively associated with drug use. For the other anxiety disorders, the associations with substance use tended to be stronger among girls. These findings highlight the need to improve clinical recognition of the anxiety disorders and to improve treatment access for afflicted adolescents. Future studies based on longitudinal data could further elucidate the relationships among anxiety disorders, gender, and substance use. Tables and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Adolescents at risk
Index Term(s): Adolescent chemical dependency; Adolescent females; Adolescent males; Antisocial attitudes; Gender issues; Personality assessment; Socialization; Socially challenged
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