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NCJ Number: 229748 Find in a Library
Title: Street Gang Theory and Research: Where Are We Now and Where Do We Go From Here?
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior  Volume:15  Issue:2  Dated:March/April 2010  Pages:100-111
Author(s): Jane Wood; Emma Alleyne
Date Published: March 2010
Page Count: 12
Type: Literature Review
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This review considers the role of theory and research in understanding why youth join gangs and it identifies a large number of problematic issues that need to be overcome.
Abstract: Recent years have seen an upsurge of attention paid to street gangs as scholars and criminal justice officials strive to understand and counteract the effects of gang membership. Yet, despite a wealth of theoretical frameworks and empirical findings, even fundamental issues such as an agreed definition continue to elude individuals. This review considers some of the most influential theoretical frameworks and associated empirical findings and finds that as it stands, knowledge on gangs is still limited and muddy. It is suggested that future directions should adopt a more multidisciplinary approach to the study of gangs. To this end, it is argued that there is a role for psychology in this important body of work, and that its involvement will provide a deeper and more meaningful understanding of gangs and the youth who join them. Figure and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Gangs
Index Term(s): Criminology; Criminology theory evaluation; Gang violence; Group behavior; Group dynamics; Literature reviews; Psychological theories
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