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NCJ Number: 229757 Find in a Library
Title: Diurnal Movements and the Ambient Population: An Application to Municipal-Level Crime Rate Calculations
Journal: Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice  Volume:52  Issue:1  Dated:January 2010  Pages:97-109
Author(s): Martin A. Andresen
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 13
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This study analyzed crime rates at the municipal level using conventional and alternative means to show the sensitivity of the crime rate due to the changing populations.
Abstract: Crime rates are often used to inform the public regarding their risk of criminal victimization. However, these crime rates are themselves at risk of misinforming the public. Recent research has used alternative crime rate calculations to show that these calculations are quite sensitive to the choice of population at risk, but this research has been undertaken only at the neighborhood level, not at the municipal level. In this paper, municipal-level crime rates are calculated using conventional and alternative means to show the sensitivity of the crime rate. It is shown that because of our diurnal movements throughout metropolitan areas, municipalities gain and lose significant populations. And because of these changing populations, municipal-level crime rates must be calculated, and interpreted, with caution. Tables, figure, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Crime rate studies
Index Term(s): British Columbia; Crime patterns; Crime Rate; Demographic analysis of crime; Estimated crime incidence; Fear of crime; Suburban area studies; Urban area studies
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