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NCJ Number: 229765 Find in a Library
Title: Criminality Among Female Drug Users Following an HIV Risk-Reduction Intervention
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:22  Issue:1  Dated:January 2007  Pages:85-107
Author(s): Katherine P. Theall; Kirk W. Elifson; Claire E. Sterk; Eric A. Stewart
Date Published: January 2007
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Emory Ctr for AIDS Research
Atlanta, GA 30322-4201
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01 DA-10642
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the prevalence of criminality among female African-American drug users and change in criminality over time.
Abstract: The main objectives of this article are to determine the prevalence of criminality among a sample of female African-American drug users and to examine change in criminality over time, including the correlates associated with this change. Data were collected from 336 adult women who participated in an HIV risk-reduction intervention focused on the context of the women's daily life. Face-to-face structured interviews were conducted at baseline, prior to enrolling in the intervention, and at follow-up, 6 months after completion of the intervention. Bivariate and correlated multivariate methods were utilized to examine changes in criminality and other behaviors over time. Both violent and nonviolent criminality declined significantly between baseline and follow-up assessments. Of the correlates considered, drug-using characteristics and victimization played the greatest role in explaining the decrease in criminality. Low self-control and depressive symptoms also contributed to the reduction in criminality. The findings suggest the importance of considering individual characteristics that may influence the women's criminal behavior as well as the impact of their routine activities. Tables, note, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Crime prediction; Drug treatment programs; Females; Prediction
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