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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229777 Find in a Library
Title: Women's Risk Factors and Their Contributions to Existing Risk/Needs Assessment: The Current Status of a Gender-Responsive Supplement
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:37  Issue:3  Dated:March 2010  Pages:261-288
Author(s): Patricia Van Voorhis; Emily M. Wright; Emily Salisbury; Ashley Bauman
Date Published: March 2010
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Corrections
Washington, DC 20534
University of Cincinnati
Cincinnati, OH 45221
Contract Number: NIC-DOJ 99P03GIL0; NIC-DOJ 03C25CIZ2; NIC-DOJ 04C29GJD4; NIC-DOJ 05C38GJF8; NIC-DOJ 06WOI0GJL0
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Test/Measurement
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the existing risk/needs assessment for women offenders.
Abstract: A growing body of scholarship faults existing risk/needs assessment models for neglecting the risk factors most relevant to women offenders. In response, a series of gender-responsive assessment models were tested for their contributions to widely used gender-neutral risk needs assessments. In six of eight samples studied, subsets of the gender-responsive scales achieved statistically significant contributions to gender-neutral models. Promising results were found for the following: (a) parental stress, family support, self-efficacy, educational assets, housing safety, anger/hostility, and current mental health factors in probation samples; (b) child abuse, anger/hostility, relationship dysfunction, family support, and current mental health factors among prisoners; and (c) adult victimization, anger/hostility, educational assets, and family support among released inmates. The predictive validity of gender-neutral assessments was strong in seven of eight samples studied. However, findings for both gender-neutral and gender-responsive domains suggested different treatment priorities for women from those currently put forward in correctional theory and policy. Tables, notes, and references(Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Diagnostic and reception processing; Female offenders; Gender issues; Models; Needs assessment; Recidivism prediction; Risk management; Testing and measurement; Treatment offender matching
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