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NCJ Number: 229778 Find in a Library
Title: Friends' and Adolescents' Delinquency: The Moderating Role of Social Status and Reciprocity of Friendships
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:37  Issue:3  Dated:March 2010  Pages:289-305
Author(s): Karin S. Nijhof; Ron H.J. Scholte; Geertjan Overbeek; Rutger C.M.E. Engels
Date Published: March 2010
Page Count: 17
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The current study examined the role of friends' delinquency, in terms of violent and property offenses and vandalism.
Abstract: Data were collected from 1,025 adolescents and their best friends in 19 Dutch secondary schools. Concerning violent offenses, cross-sectional analyses showed that adolescents with a high-status friend were more likely to commit violent offenses themselves, whereas adolescents with a low-status friend engaging in vandalism had a greater likelihood of perpetrating vandalism than the adolescents with a high-status friend. The adolescent's violent delinquency and vandalism were positively related to the friend's delinquency only when the friendship was reciprocal. Longitudinally, adolescents with a high-status friend perpetrating vandalism were more likely to engage in vandalism, whereas those with a low-status vandalistic friend showed a decrease. Finally, having a reciprocal friend who committed property offenses increased the adolescent's risk of committing similar offenses, whereas adolescents with a unilateral friend showed a decreased risk over time. Tables, figures, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Foreign criminal justice research; Longitudinal studies; Netherlands; Peer influences on behavior; Property crime causes; Vandalism; Vandalism causes; Violent crimes; Violent juvenile offenders
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