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NCJ Number: 229781 Find in a Library
Title: Assessing the Validity of the Retrospective Behavioral Self-Control Scale: Is the General Theory of Crime Stronger Than the Evidence Suggests?
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:37  Issue:3  Dated:March 2010  Pages:336-357
Author(s): Jeffrey T. Ward; Chris L. Gibson; John Boman; Walter L. Leite
Date Published: March 2010
Page Count: 22
Document: HTML (Publisher Site)
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Test/Measurement
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study assessed the validity of a recently introduced behavioral measure of self-control.
Abstract: Although there have been nearly 20 years of research on self-control theory, the measurement problems of the theory's core construct linger and call into question the efficacy of self-control as a predictor of crime and delinquency. This study assessed the validity of a recently introduced behavioral measure of self-control, the Retrospective Behavioral Self-Control (RBS) measure, which is argued to remedy the conceptual and empirical problems afflicting prior self-control measures. Using a sample of students at a large southern university, this study finds that although a unidimensional and content-valid 18-item RBS measure is not as strong a predictor of crime and delinquency as the original RBS, it has substantially more predictive power than the most commonly used attitudinal measure of self-control, the Grasmick et al. scale. The implications of these findings for empirical tests of self-control theory as well as future directions for the measurement of self-control are discussed. Tables, figures, appendix, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Crime causes theory; Criminality prediction; Instrument validation; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prediction
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