skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 229893 Find in a Library
Title: Federal Criminal Filings and Postconviction Supervision
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:73  Issue:3  Dated:December 2009  Pages:10-21
Author(s): James A. Woods; Thomas Bak
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 12
Document: HTML
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the relationship between the number of persons sentenced to Federal prison and the number admitted to postconviction supervision (PCS) between 1987 and 2005, so as to improve the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts' (AO's) annual forecast of individuals under supervised release.
Abstract: The study indicates that the two time series (persons sentenced to prison and persons entering PCS) move in the same direction, except for a 2-year period (1997 through 1998) when the number sentenced to prison grew at a faster rate than the number entering PCS; this gap increased for several years after 1998 and stabilized after 2000, remaining large. The breaking of the pattern in 1997 through 1998 reflects the hiring freeze that affected assistant U.S. attorney and other Federal law enforcement positions within the FBI, the DEA, Customs, and the INS from 1993 to 1995. This study focused on two factors: implementation of the Federal sentencing guidelines and determinate sentencing for offenses committed after November 1, 1987; and policies initiated in 1994 to curb the entry of illegal aliens into the United States along the Southwestern border. Both of these factors are seen to have a role in the widening gap between the number of persons sentenced to prison and the number received into PCS. The two offenses that drove the greatest percentage of increase over the study period involved immigration and firearms offenses. Drug offenses had a powerful effect on both the number of persons sentenced to prison and the number entering PCS. All of the factors identified in this article as contributing to the rates at which offenders are sentenced to prison and admitted to PCS must be taken into account when projecting the number of offenders entering supervision in the Federal probation system. 5 figures, 9 tables, and 29 notes
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Federal courts; Federal sentencing guidelines; Incarceration; Prediction; Sentencing factors; Sentencing trends; Trend analysis
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.