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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229897 Find in a Library
Title: Predicting Juvenile Recidivism Using the San Diego Regional Resiliency Check-Up
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:73  Issue:3  Dated:December 2009  Pages:46-49
Author(s): Natalie Pearl; Rundee G.P. Ashcraft; Kari A. Geis
Date Published: December 2009
Page Count: 4
Document: HTML
Type: Test/Measurement
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reports on a study that replicated Turner and Fain's published research (2006) regarding the predictive validity of the San Diego Risk and Resiliency Checkup (SDRRC), which is a 60-item measure of risk and protective factors related to a juvenile's functioning.
Abstract: Based on the combined strength of the previous research (Turner and Fain) and the study reported in this article, the authors conclude that the SDRRC is a validated risk/need assessment tool grounded in empirical research. The risk factors in the SDRRC are designed to measure the level of dysfunction in a youth's life, and protective factors measure the extent to which a minor has "protection" or positive factors in his/her life. The risk and protective items measured on the SDRRC are divided into six domains: individual factors, delinquency factors, family factors, educational factors, substance-use factors, and peer factors. The SDRRC is designed to be administered at the time of the initial investigation and then again every 6 months during the period of community supervision. The current study found that the Delinquency domain scale score showed predictive validity over and above other common factor related to recidivistic behavior, such as age at first offense. Although all of the total scales and domain scales were predictive of recidivistic behavior, the Delinquency domain scale had the strongest and most consistent relationship. Information was collected for all 6,766 juveniles referred to the San Diego County Probation Department in 2004 who had an SDRRC completed. For youth with multiple SDRRC administrations in 2004, the first SDRRC administered in 2004 was used for the current study. Data on independent and dependent variables were collected from probation department electronic databases and the San Diego County District Attorney automated files. 8 tables and 9 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Recidivism
Index Term(s): California; Instrument validation; Juvenile probation; Juvenile recidivism prediction; Probation casework; Probation or parole services; Probation outcome prediction; Risk management
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