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NCJ Number: 229907 Find in a Library
Title: Examination of the Variability in Mixed DNA Profile Parameters for the Identifiler™ Multiplex
Journal: Forensic Science International: Genetics  Volume:4  Issue:2  Dated:February 2010  Pages:111-114
Author(s): Jo-Anne Bright; Jnana Turkington; John Buckleton
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 4
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Ireland
Annotation: This study presents empirical data to help assess the magnitude of this variability for Identifiler™ profiles.
Abstract: The interpretation of mixed DNA profiles is often undertaken by determining to what extent possible genotype combinations may be eliminated from consideration. This requires an understanding of the variability in height or area for the two alleles of a heterozygote (heterozygote balance), and in the variability of mixture proportion or mixture ratio across loci. It was found that heterozygote balance is affected by peak height as expected and that at heights above 267RFU the two peaks of a heterozygote demonstrates a peak height ratio between 0.6 and 1.66. For mixtures a concept, APH, the average peak heights of the active alleles was introducted. Above an APH of 110RFU mixture proportion demonstrated variation no more than 0.2 from the average across loci. Mixture ratio variability was affected by both the mixture ratio, Mr per se and by the APH. The function (2APH/(1+Mr)) appears to be a reasonable predictor of the variability and approximates the expected peak height of the minor alleles. At (2APH/(1+Mr))greater than or equal to 300RFU the mixture ratio at a locus is expected to be within a factor of 2 of the average across loci. Tables, figures, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): DNA fingerprinting; Foreign criminal justice research; Forensic sciences; Investigative techniques; New Zealand; Suspect identification; Victim identification
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