skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 229923 Find in a Library
Title: Preventing Female Gang Involvement: Development of the Joint-Interest Core and Balance Model of Mother/Daughter Leisure Functioning
Journal: Aggression and Violent Behavior  Volume:15  Issue:1  Dated:January/February 2010  Pages:42-48
Author(s): Gretchen Snethen
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 7
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper presents an overview of the Joint-Interest Core and Balance Model of Mother/Daughter Leisure Functioning in the prevention of female gang involvement.
Abstract: Female gang membership is increasing in the United States. Prevention and treatment interventions are needed to help protect girls from gang membership. Research suggests that the mother/daughter relationship can provide a protective resource for girls at higher risk for gang involvement. Discussion of female gang activity. Its causes, and parent/child relationship of female gang members is included. This paper develops a theoretical model based on collective efficacy (CE), family resilience, and the Core and Balance Model of Family Leisure Functioning, which serves as a guideline for developing preventative and treatment interventions for girls at-risk. Figure and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Female gangs
Index Term(s): Adolescent females; Adolescents at risk; Females; Gang Prevention; Gangs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.