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NCJ Number: 229941 Find in a Library
Title: Interracial Contact and Fear of Crime
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:38  Issue:1  Dated:January/February 2010  Pages:34-41
Author(s): Daniel P. Mears; Eric A. Stewart
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 8
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the factors that influenced the fear of crime and the racialization of crime in recent decades.
Abstract: Despite a large literature on public views about crime, the racialization of crime, and the contact hypothesis, surprisingly little is known about how interracial friendships may influence Whites’ fear of crime. At the same time, and perhaps because no counterpart stereotype to that of “Blacks as criminals” exists, there has been little exploration of how such contact may influence Blacks’ fear of crime. To address these research gaps, this study built on prior theory and research and used data from an ABC News and Washington Post poll to test competing hypotheses about the effect of interracial contact on Whites’ and Blacks’ fear of crime, respectively. The analyses revealed that close interracial friendships are associated with increased fear of crime among Whites, decreased fear of crime among lower-income Blacks, and increased fear among higher-income Blacks. The implications for theory and research are discussed. Tables, figure, notes, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Economic influences; Fear of crime; Race relations; Race-crime relationships; Social conditions
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