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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 229942 Find in a Library
Title: Tale of Three Cities: Crime and Displacement After Hurricane Katrina
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:38  Issue:1  Dated:January/February 2010  Pages:42-50
Author(s): Sean P. Varano; Joseph A. Schafer; Jeffrey M. Cancino; Scott H. Decker; Jack R. Greene
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 9
Type: Case Study; Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study was a case study of three cities with somewhat different experiences with Katrina’s diaspora.
Abstract: When Hurricane Katrina struck New Orleans in August 2005, it greatly disrupted both the physical and social structures of that community. One consequence of the hurricane was the displacement of large numbers of New Orleans residents to other cities, including Houston, San Antonio, and Phoenix. There has been media speculation that such a grand-scale population displacement led to increased crime in communities that were recipients of large numbers of displaced New Orleans residents. Time series analysis was used to examine the pre- and post-Katrina trends in six Part I offenses (murder, robbery, aggravated assault, rape, burglary, and auto theft) to assess any impact of such large-scale population shifts on crime in host communities. Contrary to much popular speculation, only modest effects were found on crime. Social disorganization theory was used to frame both the analysis and the interpretation of these results. Tables, notes, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Arizona; Crime causes theory; Disaster related crimes; Economic influences; Louisiana; Social bond theory; Social conditions; Texas
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