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NCJ Number: 229968 Find in a Library
Title: One-Year Follow-Up of Suicidal Adolescents: Parental History of Mental Health Problems and Time to Post-Hospitalization Attempt
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:39  Issue:3  Dated:March 2010  Pages:219-232
Author(s): Cheryl A. King; David C.R. Kerr; Michael N. Passarelli; Cynthia Ewell Foster; Christopher R. Merchant
Date Published: March 2010
Page Count: 14
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using survival analyses, this study investigated whether and by how much the occurrence of an adolescent's suicide attempt during the 1-year period following hospitalization due to a suicide attempt could be predicted by the parent's history of mental health problems and additional indexes of adolescent funtioning.
Abstract: This longitudinal study of recently hospitalized suicidal youth examined parental mental health history in addition to several indices of adolescent functioning as risk factors for time-to-suicide attempt over a 1-year period. Participants were 352 adolescents (253 girls, 99 boys; ages 13-17 years) who participated in self-report and interview assessments within 1 week of hospitalization and 6 weeks, 3, 6, and 12 months post-hospitalization. Multivariable proportional hazards regression modeled time-to-suicide attempt. Results indicate that adolescents were almost twice as likely to make a suicide attempt if they had at least one biological parent with mental health problems. Risk was also increased for adolescents with baseline histories of multiple previous suicide attempts, more severe suicidal ideation and more severe functional impairment. Findings suggest the need to consider the family system when intervening with suicidal youth. Tables, figure, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Juvenile suicide
Index Term(s): Crisis intervention; Family histories; Juvenile self concept; Mental disorders; Mental health; Parent-Child Relations; Parental influence; Suicide; Suicide causes; Suicide prevention
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