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NCJ Number: 229973 Find in a Library
Title: Role of Cognitive Distortion in the Relationship Between Abuse, Assault, and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:39  Issue:3  Dated:March 2010  Pages:281-290
Author(s): Julie T. Weismoore; Christianne Esposito-Smythers
Date Published: March 2010
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: R01MH065885
Document: PDF
Publisher: http://www.springer.com 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the relationship between different types of interpersonal traumas, such as non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI), cognitive distortion, and childhood abuse and assault, in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between childhood abuse, assault, cognitive distortion, and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in a clinical adolescent sample. The sample included 185 psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents and their parents. Adolescent participants were predominantly female (71.4 percent), Caucasian (84 percent), and of non-Hispanic ethnicity (9.2 percent). Participants completed a diagnostic interview and self-report measures to assess youth history of abuse and assault, cognitive errors, negative self-views, and recent NSSI. No relationship was found between childhood abuse and NSSI. However, a history of assault was associated with NSSI among youth who reported higher cognitive errors and more negative self-views, even after controlling for gender and internalizing disorders. These results suggest that existing affect regulation models of NSSI may be enhanced by incorporating the role of cognitive distortion. Clinically, results also suggest that assessing adolescent victims of assault for cognitive errors and negative self-views, and helping them restructure these cognitive distortions when present, may reduce the likelihood of NSSI. Tables, figures, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Adolescent abuse
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitude scales; Child abuse; Cognitive developmental theory; Domestic assault; Juvenile self concept; Psychiatric services; Self mutilation; Social Learning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=252005

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