skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 229975 Find in a Library
Title: Preventing Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Adolescents: The Signs of Self-Injury Program
Journal: Journal of Youth and Adolescence  Volume:39  Issue:3  Dated:March 2010  Pages:306-314
Author(s): Jennifer J. Muehlenkamp; Barent W. Walsh; Moira McDade
Date Published: March 2010
Page Count: 9
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study evaluated the effectiveness and feasibility of the signs of self-injury (SOSI) program, a non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) school-based prevention program for adolescents.
Abstract: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) continues to be a problem among youth and there is a great need for programming aimed at reducing NSSI in adolescents. The signs of self-injury program is the first known NSSI school-based prevention program for adolescents that attempts to increase knowledge, improve help-seeking attitudes and behaviors, and decrease acts of NSSI. A total of 5 schools implemented the program in selected classrooms (n = 274 adolescents; 51.5 percent female, mean age = 16.07 years) that consisted of predominantly Caucasian (73 percent) adolescents. Researchers collected pre-post evaluation surveys of the program and feasibility interviews were conducted with the school guidance personnel who ran the program. Results indicated the prevention program did not produce iatrogenic effects, increased accurate knowledge and improved help-seeking attitudes and intentions among students. No significant changes were found in regards to self-reported formal help-seeking actions. Feasibility responses indicate the program is user-friendly and well received by school personnel. The data offer preliminary evidence that the program may be an effective prevention program for schools. Tables and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Adolescents at risk
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Counseling; Crisis intervention; Informal support groups; Juvenile educational services; Juvenile self concept; School health services; Self mutilation
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.