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NCJ Number: 230006 Find in a Library
Title: Predictors of Substance Abuse Treatment Entry Among Rural Illicit Stimulant Users in Ohio, Arkansas, and Kentucky
Journal: Substance Abuse  Volume:31  Issue:1  Dated:January-March 2010  Pages:1-7
Author(s): Robert G. Carlson, Ph.D.; Rocky Sexton, Ph.D.; Jichuan Wang, Ph.D.; Russel Falck, M.A.; Carl G. Leukefeld, D.S.W.; Brenda M. Booth, Ph.D.
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01 DA15363;R01 DA14340
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the predictors of substance abuse treatment entry during the first 2 years of a natural history study of illicit stimulant users in rural areas of Ohio, Arkansas, and Kentucky.
Abstract: Illicit drug use in the rural United States is increasingly common, yet little is known about drug users' treatment-seeking behaviors. This study identifies predictors of substance abuse treatment entry over 24 months among 710 illicit stimulant users in rural areas of Ohio, Arkansas, and Kentucky. Active users of powdered cocaine, crack cocaine, and/or methamphetamine (MA) were recruited using respondent-driven sampling. Participants completed structured interviews at baseline and follow-up questionnaires every 6 months for 24 months. Data were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards model. The paper is informed by the Anderson-Newman Model. Overall, 18.7 percent of the sample entered treatment. Ohio or Kentucky residence, perceived need for substance abuse treatment, higher Addiction Severity Index (ASI) legal problem composite scores, prior substance abuse treatment, and tranquilizer use were positively associated with treatment entry. Nondaily crack cocaine users and marijuana users were less likely to enter treatment. The findings can help inform rural substance abuse treatment program development and outreach. Tables and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Drug treatment
Index Term(s): Arkansas; Drug abuse; Kentucky; Ohio; Prediction; Rural area studies; Treatment
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