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NCJ Number: 230008 Find in a Library
Title: Two-Year Trajectory of Stimulant Use in 18- to 21-Year-Old Rural African Americans
Journal: Substance Abuse  Volume:31  Issue:1  Dated:January-March 2010  Pages:12-23
Author(s): Teresa L. Kramer Ph.D.; Brenda M. Booth Ph.D.; Xiaotong Han M.S.
Date Published: January 2010
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: R01 DA015363
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study revealed substance use trajectories over a 24-month period for young adult African-Americans identified as having used cocaine or methamphetamine 30 days prior to interview.
Abstract: Little is known about stimulant use trajectories of rural African American youth. The purpose of the present study is to explore substance use over 24 months in 98 African Americans, ages 18 to 21, who used cocaine or methamphetamine 30 days prior to baseline. The majority was male, unemployed, and had not graduated from high school. At baseline, almost half of the participants met criteria for abuse/dependence of cocaine—the primary stimulant used—which decreased to 25 percent by the final follow-up. Similar decreases were noted in rates of alcohol and marijuana abuse/dependence, although monthly use remained high. Participants reported minimal utilization of mental health or substance abuse services, but demonstrated significant improvements on physical and mental health measures. In summary, cocaine use declined, but other substances were used at high rates, suggesting a significant need for intervention services that address multisubstance use in rural areas. Figures, tables, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Drug abuse
Index Term(s): Amphetamines; Black juvenile delinquents; Black/African Americans; Cocaine; Controlled Substances; Prediction
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