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NCJ Number: 230067 Find in a Library
Title: Eyewitness Identification Test
Journal: Legal and Criminological Psychology  Volume:15  Issue:1  Dated:February 2010  Pages:77-96
Author(s): Neil Brewer; Matthew A. Palmer
Date Published: February 2010
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Research Council
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Grant Number: DP0556876
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article reviews what is known about a number of the effective steps in conducting a lineup.
Abstract: When investigating crimes police frequently use eyewitness identification tests such as lineups in an attempt to establish the culprit's identity. It is now well documented that witnesses commonly make mistakes, sometimes identifying innocent suspects or failing to identify the culprit. Lineup administrators also make mistakes in the sens that they use procedures that increase the likelihood of eyewitness error. Eyewitness memory research has provided a basis for many useful guidelines regarding the conduct of identification tests. Here, the relevant research underpinning effective procedures for lineup construction, lineup presentation, recording the witness's decision, and providing feedback to the witness are reviewed. The systematic implementation of these guidelines is likely to reduce significantly the extent of eyewitness errors at the identification test and improve the probative value of courtroom testimony about identity. However, further significant advances may well require the development of novel procedures for accessing witnesses' memories. References (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Suspect identification
Index Term(s): Blank line-up; Eyewitness memory; Interview and interrogation; Line-up; Witnesses
Note: For additional articles see NCJ-230062-66 and NCJ-230068-70.
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