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NCJ Number: 230075 Find in a Library
Title: Theoretical Test of Bullying Behavior: Parenting, Personality, and the Bully/Victim Relationship
Journal: Journal of Family Violence  Volume:25  Issue:3  Dated:April 2010  Pages:259-273
Author(s): Daniel Pontzer
Date Published: April 2010
Page Count: 15
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Using a sample of university students, this study examined the extent to which the students were involved in bullying in the previous months.
Abstract: An index of bullying behavior was used to measure the extent that 527 university students (51 percent female and 49 percent male) were involved in bullying in the past couple of months. This index included measures of physical, verbal, indirect-relational, property, coercive, racial, and sexual bullying. Participants were classified into the categories of bully (23.7 percent), victim (19.9 percent), bully/victim (9.6 percent), and not involved in bullying. The type of parenting the students were exposed to growing up and the presence of personality traits reflective of Reintegrative Shaming Theory were also measured. Current bullying was positively associated with being a bully during childhood, impulsiveness, having a tendency to displace shame, being male, being exposed to parental stigmatization, and being younger. Being a victim was positively associated with a tendency to internalize shame, being a victim during childhood, being younger, and being a childhood bully. Shame displacement was negatively associated with being a victim. Tables, figures, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Bullying
Index Term(s): Acting out behavior; Child abuse as delinquency factor; Home environment; Macho personality; Parent-Child Relations; Parental attitudes; Problem behavior; Psychological victimization effects; Victim attitudes
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