skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 230083 Find in a Library
Title: Decision Making and Aggression in Forensic Psychiatric Inpatients
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:37  Issue:4  Dated:April 2010  Pages:365-383
Author(s): Stephen L.S. Bass; David Nussbaum
Date Published: April 2010
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Ottawa, ON K1P 6G4, Canada
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study provides initial empirical support for a novel neurobiological decisionmaking model proposed by Nussbaum (2005), applied to an aggression typology (Nussbaum, Saint-Cyr, & Bell, 1997).
Abstract: The Iowa Gambling Task (IGT; Bechara, Damasio, Damasio, & Anderson, 1994) was analyzed for forensic inpatients using both the traditional method of scoring reflecting motivational decision making and a novel method developed by Yechiam, Busemeyer, Stout, and Bechara (2005) that provides scores for three cognitive decisionmaking components: attention, learning, and response-choice consistency. Predatory seclusions were predicted by traditional motivational scoring of the IGT but not by the cognitive scores. Conversely, Irritable seclusions were predicted only by the cognitive scoring system. Based on these findings, the utilization of the aggression typology and the inclusion of these clinical measures could enhance and refine violent risk assessment, suggest specific treatment targets for different aggression types, and monitor responses to interventions prior to release into the community. Tables, figures, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Aggression; Biological influences; Cognitive developmental theory; Cognitive therapy; Decisionmaking; Diagnostic and reception processing; Mentally ill inmates; Mentally ill offenders; Treatment offender matching; Violence prediction
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.