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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 230106 Find in a Library
Title: Findings From the Evaluation of OJJDP's Gang Reduction Program
Author(s): Meagan Cahill; David Hayeslip
Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
Date Published: December 2010
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
The Urban Institute
Washington, DC 20037
Grant Number: 2007-JV-FX-0323
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This issue reports on the findings of an independent evaluation of the impact of the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s (OJJDP’s) Gang Reduction Program (GRP) on gang-related crime in Los Angeles, CA; Milwaukee, WI; North Miami Beach, FL; and Richmond, VA.
Abstract: OJJDP’s primary goal in implementing GRP was to reduce gang crime and violence. In order to achieve this goal OJJDP aimed to implement programs that were comprehensive, integrated, and coordinated. GRP’s multipronged implementation approach requires community stakeholders to develop local plans to address family, peer, school, and community needs. Next, stakeholders identified local resources that could be used to meet these needs. After these planning objectives had been met, communities could use Federal support to enhance the delivery of appropriate resources and services to meet the identified needs. The evaluation found that all sites successfully implemented the GRP model. Three of the four sites also executed plans to sustain elements of the program as Federal funding expired. Anticipated outcomes related to crime reduction were found in most of the sites, although results varied. The nature of the pre-post comparison group design, however, precludes concluding there were cause and effect relationships between GRP and the positive outcomes measured. Successful GRP implementation was found to be linked to strong leadership of a site coordinator, close oversight by OJJDP during the strategic planning and implementation phases, and the availability of technical assistance. The GRP was not intended to be a one-size-fits-all approach to gang prevention and reduction. The model was designed to be sufficiently flexible to allow sites to adapt their approach to local conditions while incorporating features of the GRP model. Implications of the findings for practice and future sites are outlined. 5 figures, 11 endnotes, and 26 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): California; Florida; Gang Prevention; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; OJJDP grant-related documents; Virginia; Wisconsin
Note: Juvenile Justice Bulletin, December 2010
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