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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 230188 Find in a Library
Title: Census of Jail Facilities, 2006
Author(s): James Stephan; Geordette Walsh
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: December 2011
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: Agency Summary|PDF|Text
Agency Summary: 
Type: Report (Annual/Periodic) ; Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study presents findings from a series of complete enumerations of local jails since 1970.
Abstract: This study presents findings on the number of jurisdictions by size, incarceration rates, judicial sanctions, jail staff, and the number operated publically or under contract to county or city governments. The data include changes in the number of jurisdictions and facilities, functions, confined inmates, and inmate-to-staff ratios. Findings show that a total of 3,283 jail facilities, including jails in the Federal system, were operating in 2006, down 93 from 3,376 in 1999; private and public entities under contract to local governments operated 37 jail facilities in 2006, down from 47 in 1999; and as the number of confined jail inmates increased faster than the number of jail staff, the number of confined inmates per employee rose from 2.9 in 1999 to 3.3 in 2006. Also found was that the number of jail jurisdictions in the U.S. decreased from 3,000 in 1999 to 2,860 in 2006; hospitalization or medical treatment confinement was a function of 421 local jail facilities; private and public entities under contract to local governments operated 37 jail facilities in 2006, down from 47 in 1999; and about 7 percent of jail jurisdictions were under court order or consent decree to limit the size of the inmate population in 2006, down from about 11 percent in 1999. Data were gathered from all jail detention facilities holding inmates beyond arraignment, a period normally exceeding 72 hours. Included in the census were 2,859 local jail jurisdictions made up of 3,271 city, county, or privately operated jail facilities intended for adults, but sometimes holding juveniles (defined as persons under age 18), and 12 Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) facilities that functioned as jails. 14 tables and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Jail statistics
Index Term(s): Corrections employment/expenditure data; Corrections research; Corrections statistics; Inmate health care; Inmate staff relations; Inmate statistics; Juvenile/corrections staff relations
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