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NCJ Number: 230246 Find in a Library
Title: Identifying Imprisonment Patterns and Their Relation to Crime Among New York Counties 1990-2000: An Exploratory Application of Trajectory Modeling
Journal: Criminal Justice Policy Review  Volume:21  Issue:1  Dated:March 2010  Pages:50-75
Author(s): Paul Schupp; Craig Rivera
Date Published: March 2010
Page Count: 26
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the impact of research and trajectory analysis on serious crime rates.
Abstract: The current study is an exploratory application of a technique for modeling developmental trajectories as an illustration of how researchers might use trajectory analysis and county-level data to analyze the effects of imprisonment patterns on crime. Using data from 61 New York counties, the authors model the patterns of imprisonment, defined as the percentage of felons sentenced to state prison in a given year, displayed by the counties from 1990 to 1999, and then demonstrate how knowledge of these patterns can be used to estimate the relationship between imprisonment patterns during the 1990s and crime in 2000. Six distinct patterns of imprisonment are identified, and bivariate and multivariate analyses reveal that high or consistently increasing levels of imprisonment were not associated with lower property or violent crime rates in 2000. Even after controlling for crime in the 1990s and other relevant factors, counties with high or consistently increasing imprisonment had significantly higher violent crime in 2000. Implications for future research are discussed. Figures, tables, appendix, notes, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Modeling techniques
Index Term(s): Crime analysis; Crime rate studies; Incarceration; Property crimes; Violent crimes
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