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NCJ Number: 230252 Find in a Library
Title: Intimate Partner Violence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among High-Risk Women: Does Pregnancy Matter?
Journal: Violence Against Women  Volume:16  Issue:4  Dated:April 2010  Pages:426-443
Author(s): Caroline C. Stampfel; Derek A. Chapman; Andrea E. Alvarez
Date Published: April 2010
Page Count: 18
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explored the utility of using data from the Chicago Women's Health Risk Study to assess prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), to describe factors associated with IPV and PTSD in a high-risk population, and to determine whether the effects of pregnancy on IPV and PTSD vary by race/ethnicity.
Abstract: Interviews from 655 women participating in the Chicago Women's Health Risk Study (CWHRS) were used to assess prevalence and factors associated with intimate partner violence (IPV) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Black women had the highest rate of IPV overall and among pregnant women, and had decreased odds of PTSD compared to Black nonpregnant women. Hispanic pregnant women, however, had decreased odds of IPV and PTSD compared to Hispanic nonpregnant women. Disparities in IPV by race/ ethnicity and pregnancy status complicate the study of IPV and PTSD and have implications for the public health community. Figures, tables, and references (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Domestic assault
Index Term(s): Abused women; Black/African Americans; Dating Violence; Domestic violence causes; Ethnic groups; Female victims; Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD); Pregnant women; Race-crime relationships; Violence
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