skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 235869 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Crack Cocaine: A Challenge for Prevention
Corporate Author: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Admin
United States of America
Editor(s): Robert L. DuPont, M.D.
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 79
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Health and Human Services
Rockville, MD 20857
Publication Number: (ADM)91-1806
Sale Source: US Dept of Health and Human Services
Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Admin
5600 Fishers Lane
Rockville, MD 20857
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This monograph, the ninth in a series of monographs on substance abuse prevention, presents the history and epidemiology of crack cocaine and identifies and discusses aspects of this drug and its use that are unique in the field of prevention.
Abstract: The review of the history of crack cocaine notes that when placed in the context of the history of drug use in the United States, crack cocaine use and the epidemic of the mid-1980s apparently furthered episodes in the persistent search for more intense drug experiences by young adult and adolescent populations. Its distinctive dangers lie in its being cheap, addictive, and associated with dramatic psychological, physiological, and social consequences. The overall decline in both licit and illicit drug use in the United States over the last decade has been countered by the fact that the number of current crack cocaine users has remained constant. Because the crack cocaine epidemic is concentrated in the inner cities and because smoking cocaine is unusually addicting, the exception of crack cocaine to the general pattern of drug abuse epidemiology is especially important. The challenge to its prevention is to address these concerns. The campaign to prevent the use of crack cocaine must be mounted on several fronts. Educational efforts that target youth at high risk of becoming users should be continued and expanded to include new information about the characteristics of both the drug and the high-risk populations. The attraction of crack cocaine for women, especially those of childbearing age, must be a major focus of prevention efforts. Prevention programs must include parents, health-care providers, schools, the media, the workplace, and the community. In addition, there must be continued research that assesses the efficacy of prevention efforts, which is essential for improving the use and outcomes of prevention techniques. 5 tables
Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
Index Term(s): Cocaine; Crack; Drug abuse; Drug effects; Drug research
Note: OSAP Prevention Monograph-9
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.