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NCJ Number: 235918 Find in a Library
Title: Second-Generation Prisoners: Adjustment Patterns for Inmates With a History of Parental Incarceration
Journal: Criminal Justice and Behavior  Volume:38  Issue:8  Dated:August 2011  Pages:761-778
Author(s): Caitlin M. Novero; Ann Booker Loper; Janet I. Warren
Date Published: August 2011
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2004-RP-BX-0004
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined first- and second-generation prisoners on prison adjustment.
Abstract: The authors investigated whether prisoners who had a parent in prison, “second-generation prisoners,” had poorer rates of adjustment compared to those inmates who did not report a history of parental incarceration. Among a sample of 459 men and women in prison, approximately half reported having had a parent in prison or jail. There was considerable self-reported childhood adversity within the entire sample, with relatively higher levels reported by the second-generation prisoner group. Second-generation prisoners self-reported more anger and prison violence and demonstrated a greater presence of institutional rule breaking in comparison to first-generation prisoners. Results were maintained after statistical control for the high rates of adversities in childhood. Post hoc analysis revealed differences on adjustment variables between first-generation prisoners and individuals with a mother incarcerated or with both parents incarcerated, suggesting the pronounced impact of maternal incarceration on long-term well-being. Results indicate that the negative effects of parental incarceration are evident within the prison community and have a significant relationship to inmates’ adjustment while incarcerated. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Adjustment to prison
Index Term(s): Anger; Children at risk; Children of incarcerated offenders; Mental health; Parental influence; Self-report studies; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency
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