skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 235969 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Economic Costs of Alcohol and Drug Abuse and Mental Illness: 1985
Author(s): Dorothy P. Rice; Sander Kelman; Leonard S. Miller; Sarah Dunmeyer
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 307
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Contract Number: 283-87-0007
Publication Number: (ADM) 90-1694
Sale Source: National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institutes of Health
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 5213
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the results of a study to measure the possible economic costs to society due to alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and mental illness.
Abstract: Major findings from the study include: in 1985, total economic costs of alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and mental illness (ADM) was approximately $218.1 billion; mental illness accounted for 48 percent of the total costs, followed by alcohol abuse (32 percent) and drug abuse (20 percent); direct treatment and support costs accounted for 24 percent of the total, followed by morbidity costs (37 percent) and mortality costs (16 percent); and core costs (costs directly related to the treatment and support of persons with ADM disorders) amounted to $168 billion in 1985, with mental illness accounting for 59 percent, alcohol abuse accounting for 35 percent, and drug abuse accounting for 6 percent. This report presents the results of a study to measure the possible economic costs to society due to ADM disorders. The study had four primary objectives: measure the possible economic costs to society due to ADM disorders by estimating the economic costs for 1985; update previous cost estimates on the basis of comprehensive data sources and improved methodology; develop an improved methodological approach to deal with the important issues of comorbidity and overlap of ADM disorders; and conduct a review of the literature on the economic costs of illness, with emphasis on studies related to ADM. Tables, figures, references, and appendixes
Main Term(s): Drug Use Indicators
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Criminal justice statistics; Drug abuse; Drug use; Economic influences; Mental illness-crime relationships; Socioeconomic causes of delinquency
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.