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NCJ Number: 236042 Find in a Library
Title: Police Presence, Isolation, and Sexual Assault Prosecution
Journal: Criminal Justice Policy Review  Volume:22  Issue:3  Dated:September 2011  Pages:330-349
Author(s): Darryl S. Wood; Andre B. Rosay; Greg Postle; Katherine TePas
Date Published: September 2011
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2005-WG-BX-0011
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reviews the effects of geographic isolation and local police presence on the processing of sexual assault cases.
Abstract: This article considers the effects of geographic isolation and local police presence on the processing of 239 sexual assault cases reported to the Alaska State Troopers. Geographic isolation is hypothesized to hinder case processing due to its impact on the celerity and thoroughness of investigations, whereas the presence of local police is hypothesized to facilitate case processing by legitimizing reported offenses and assisting with evidence collection. Controlling for a host of important legal and “extra legal” case characteristics, the authors find that geographic isolation and local police presence did significantly influence case processing. However, contrary to expectations, geographic isolation facilitates case processing in that sexual assault cases from isolated locations are actually more likely to be referred for prosecution. As expected, local police presence facilitates case processing by enhancing the likelihood that referred cases would be accepted for prosecution. Implications for rural policing are discussed.
Main Term(s): State police
Index Term(s): Alaska; Case processing; Police casework; Prosecution; Rural crime; Rural policing; Sexual assault
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