skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 236080 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Outcomes of a Randomized Trial of an Intensive Community Corrections Program - Day Reporting Centers - For Parolees
Author(s): Douglas J. Boyle, J.D., Ph.D.; Laura Ragusa, M.A.; Jennifer Lanterman, Ph.D.; Andrea Marcus, M.P.H.
Corporate Author: Violence Institute of New Jersey at UMDNJ
United States of America
Date Published: 2011
Page Count: 53
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Violence Institute of New Jersey at UMDNJ
Newark, NJ 17107-3000
Grant Number: 2006-IJ-CX-0009
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This is an experimental evaluation of the relative effectiveness of an intensive community corrections program often referred to as a Day Reporting Center (DRC), in contrast to an intensive supervision parole condition (Phase I).
Abstract: The evaluation indicates that DRCs did not produce better outcomes than the control group (Phase I); and during some time periods, treatment effects for DRC participants compared to phase I participants had significantly worse outcomes. The outcomes favoring Phase I supervision is even more significant given the relative costs of the two programs, with phase I being significantly less expensive than DRC programming. The evaluators advise that these findings raise important policy and fiscal concerns about using the DRC model for supervising medium-risk and high-risk parolees; however, the findings should not be construed as indicating that Phase I supervision alone is sufficient. DRC is a program that brings groups of parolees together from throughout a municipality or larger geographic area in order to provide supervision, services, and programming. The DRC requires the participants to spend a significant amount of time daily with the group. Phase I, on the other hand, is an individual-based intensive supervision with referral to services and the imposition of additional conditions. The evaluation randomly assigned parolees to either DRC programming (n=198) or Phase I (n=204), and data were collected for 18 months after the 90-day study period. During the 90-day study period, DRC participants were more likely to be arrested for a new offense; whereas, Phase I participants were more likely to obtain employment than were DRC participants. During the 6-months immediately following study participation, DRC participants were more likely to be reconvicted of a new offense. In addition, DRC participants were more likely than Phase I participants to produce a positive drug test during the period. During the 12-month and 18-month post-completion periods, Phase I participants were more likely to obtain employment at 18-month follow-up. This was the only difference between the two groups for this period. References, tables, and figure
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Day reporting centers; NIJ final report; Parole; Parole casework; Parole conditions; Parole effectiveness; Parole supervision
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.