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NCJ Number: 236166 Find in a Library
Title: Population Heterogeneity, State Dependence and Sexual Offender Recidivism: The Aging Process and the Lost Predictive Impact of Prior Criminal Charges Over Time
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:39  Issue:4  Dated:July/August 2011  Pages:344-354
Author(s): Joanna Amirault; Patrick Lussier
Date Published: July 2011
Page Count: 11
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined a sample of adult sex offenders to determine the association between past offending and recidivism, and whether the timing of each particular crime affected the risk of recidivism.
Abstract: The study found that prior nonsexual-nonviolent and violent/sexual charges were associated with an increased risk of violent/sexual recidivism, especially for those offenders having previous violent/sexual charges between the ages of 18 to 35. The study also found that more recent criminal activity had the best predictive value for the prediction of recidivism, as opposed to the age at which the prior offending occurred, and that the level of educational achievement was a predictive factor for violent/sexual recidivism. This study examined a sample of adult sex offenders to determine the association between past offending and recidivism, and whether the timing of each particular crime affected the likelihood of recidivism. Data for the study were obtained from a sample (n=242) of adult offenders aged 36 and older convicted of, and incarcerated for a sexual offense in the province of Quebec, Canada, for the period April 1994 through June 2000. Older offenders were selected for the study to ensure a retrospective longitudinal period of equal length for all offenders in the sample, and to create an observation period long enough to compare past criminal involvement with criminal activity after release. The findings indicate that for older sex offenders, prior criminal charges occurring in early adulthood (ages 18 to 23) are no longer predictive of future offending as the offenders age, and that more recent offending increases the likelihood of recidivism. Implications for future research are discussed. Tables, notes, and references
Main Term(s): Recidivism prediction
Index Term(s): Offender profiles; Recidivism; Recidivism causes; Sex offender profiles; Sex offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=258160

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