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NCJ Number: 236186 Find in a Library
Title: Sexual Assault Centres and Police Reporting-An Important Arena for Medical/Legal Interaction
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:56  Issue:5  Dated:September 2011  Pages:1163-1169
Author(s): Helle Nesvold, M.D.; Kari Ormstad, M.D., Ph.D.; Svein Friis, M.D., Ph.D.
Date Published: September 2011
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Norwegian Foundation for Health and Rehabilitation
Olso Norway,
Norwegian Women's Public Health Assoc
0155 Oslo,
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study explores the usefulness of forensic medical examination (FME) irrespective of police request and police-reporting practices at a self-referral Sexual Assault Centre (SAC).
Abstract: The study is retrospective, descriptive: a 2-year series of cases from a Scandinavian SAC and corresponding police files. Among 354 SAC cases, 180 were reported to the police, comprising 103 of 197 total rapes registered in this police district. Of 278 complainants presenting in time for FME, 55 percent reported to the police. FME was performed in 238 cases, 142 of these registered by the police. In 24 percent of the latter, examination preceded reporting by greater than or equal to 2 days. Thus, substantial amounts of SAC casework remain unavailable to the police owing to nonreporting. However, performing FME regardless of reporting considerably increases the amount of information available to the police in late-reported cases. Although several factors predict reporting, the predictive power is insufficient for performing FME selectively. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): DNA fingerprinting; Evidence identification; Forensic sciences; Investigative techniques; Medical evaluation; Police reports; Rape investigations; Sexual assault; Sexual assault victims; Suspect identification
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