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NCJ Number: 236190 Find in a Library
Title: Morphological Pattern of Palatal Rugae in Children of Davangere
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:56  Issue:5  Dated:September 2011  Pages:1192-1197
Author(s): Paul M. Jibi, M.D.S.; Keshav Gautam, M.D.S.; Nadig Basappa, M.D.S.; Orekondi S. Raju, M.D.S.
Date Published: September 2011
Page Count: 6
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study identified and compared the rugae pattern between males and females of two different communities in the city of Davangere, Karnataka, India.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to identify and compare the rugae pattern between males and females of two different communities in the city of Davangere, Karnataka, India, which may be an additional method of identification in cases of crimes or communal riots. Elastomeric impressions of the maxillary arch of 100 selected children were made; casts were poured in Type IV stone. The method of identification of rugae pattern followed was that of Lysell and Thomas and Kotze, which includes the number, shape, direction, and unification of rugae. The study revealed no significant difference in the total number or length of rugae between the two communities and sexes. However, with regard to shape and unification, females showed a significantly higher diverging rugae type while males had a significant number of circular and converging type of rugae. Also, discrimination function analysis allowed a moderate differentiation of the population. Hence, the rugae pattern can be an additional method of differentiation in conjunction with the other methods such as visual, fingerprints, and dental characteristics in forensic sciences. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Death investigations; Foreign criminal justice research; Forensic sciences; Gender determination; India; Investigative techniques; Victim identification
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