skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 236386 Find in a Library
Title: Sustaining the Crime Reduction Impact of Designing Out Crime: Re-Evaluating the Secured by Design Scheme 10 Years On
Journal: Security Journal  Volume:24  Issue:4  Dated:October 2011  Pages:320-343
Author(s): Rachel Armitage; Leanne Monchuk
Date Published: 2011
Page Count: 24
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article examines the effectiveness of the Secured by Design (SBD) scheme as a crime reduction measure in the United Kingdom (UK).
Abstract: SBD is an award scheme that aims to encourage housing developers to design out crime at the planning or concept stage. The scheme is managed by the Association of Chief Police Officers Crime Reduction Initiatives (ACPO CPI) while the day-to-day delivery of the scheme is conducted by Architectural Liaison Officers (ALOs) or Crime Prevention Design Advisors (CPDAs) working for individual police forces throughout the United Kingdom. The scheme sets standards for compliance that developments must meet to be awarded SBD status. This article presents the findings of research conducted over a 10-year period (1999-2009) into the effectiveness of the SBD scheme as a crime reduction measure. Utilizing a variety of methods, the research aims to establish whether residents living within SBD developments experience less crime and fear of crime than their non-SBD counterparts; whether SBD developments show less visual signs of crime and disorder than their non-SBD counterparts; and finally, whether properties built to the SBD standard are able to sustain any crime reduction benefits over a 10-year period. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Cause removal crime prevention
Index Term(s): Crime prevention measures; Crime prevention planning; Foreign crime prevention; Instrument validation; United Kingdom (UK)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.