skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 236465 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Child Maltreatment: Strengthening National Data on Child Fatalities Could Aid in Prevention
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
United States of America
Date Published: July 2011
Page Count: 57
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Publication Number: GAO-11-599
Sale Source: US Government Accountability Office
441 G Street, NW
Washington, DC 20548
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The U.S. General Accountability Office (GAO) examined the extent to which the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) collects and reports comprehensive information on child fatalities from maltreatment; the challenges States face in collecting and reporting this information to HHS; and the assistance HHS provides to States in collecting and reporting data on child maltreatment fatalities.
Abstract: The GAO determined that more children have likely died from maltreatment than are counted in the Federal National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS), which is based on voluntary State reports to HHS. NCANDS estimated that 1,770 children in the United States died from maltreatment in fiscal year 2009; however, nearly half of the States included data only from child welfare agencies in reporting child maltreatment fatalities to NCANDS. This is a flawed measurement, because not all children who die from maltreatment have had contact with these agencies. HHS also collects, but does not report, some information on the circumstances surrounding child maltreatment fatalities that could be useful for prevention. The National Center for Child Death Reviews (NCCDR), a nongovernmental organization funded by HHS, collects more detailed data on circumstances from 39 States; however, these data on child maltreatment deaths have not yet been synthesized or published. In the GAO survey of the States, State officials indicate a need for additional information on how to coordinate among State agencies to collect more complete information on child maltreatment fatalities. GAO recommends that the HHS Secretary further strengthen data quality, expand available information on child fatalities, improve information sharing, and estimate the costs and benefits of collecting national data on near fatalities. HHS agreed with GAO’s findings and recommendations and provided technical comments. 4 tables and 8 figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse detection; Child abuse fatalities; Child abuse prevention; Child abuse reporting; Data collection devices; Data collections
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.