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NCJ Number: 236468 Find in a Library
Title: Child Care: Overview of Relevant Employment Laws and Cases of Sex Offenders at Child Care Facilities
Corporate Author: US Government Accountability Office
United States of America
Date Published: August 2011
Page Count: 32
Sponsoring Agency: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Government Accountability Office
Washington, DC 20548
Publication Number: GAO-11-757
Sale Source: US Government Accountability Office
441 G Street, NW
Washington, DC 20548
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The U.S. General Accountability Office (GAO) presents an overview of Federal and State laws related to the employment of sex offenders at child-care facilities, and it examines cases in which individuals who were convicted of serious sexual offenses were subsequently employed or were present at child-care facilities.
Abstract: GAO found that Federal laws regulate the employment of sex offenders at Federal child-care facilities; federally operated facilities are required to conduct criminal-history checks on employees, as are facilities that receive grants from the Department of Health and Human Services’ Head Start program. At the State level, laws vary widely; although all 50 States require criminal-history checks for owners and employees of licensed child-care facilities, many State laws exempt facilities from licensing if they do not exceed certain thresholds, such as a minimum number of children. Penalties for violating licensing requirements can range from a $5.00 administrative fine to imprisonment for a term of years. The cases GAO examined provide examples of individuals convicted of serious sexual offenses who gained access to child-care facilities as maintenance workers, spouses or friends of providers, a cafeteria worker, and a cook. At least seven of these cases involved offenders who previously targeted children; and in three of the cases, the offenders used their access to children at the facilities to reoffend. GAO found instances of providers who knowingly hired offenders and did not perform a pre-employment criminal-history check. GAO also found examples of facilities operating without licenses, as well as facilities that employed offenders while receiving Federal funds. The report does not offer any recommendations. Where applicable, GAO referred its cases for further investigation. The cases GAO examined involved only individuals who were convicted of serious sexual offenses, so the findings cannot be generalized to encompass all child-care facilities. 2 tables
Main Term(s): Juvenile victims
Index Term(s): Child abuse prevention; Child care services; Child molesters; Child Sexual Abuse; Employment; Ex-offender employment; Federal legislation; Licensing; Sex offenders; State laws
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