skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 236485 Find in a Library
Title: Long and Winding Road to Desistance From Crime for Drug-Involved Offenders: The Long-Term Influence of TC Treatment on Re-Arrest
Journal: Journal of Drug Issues  Volume:41  Issue:2  Dated:Spring 2011  Pages:179-196
Author(s): Steven S. Martin; Daniel J. O'Connell; Raymond Paternoster; Ronet D. Bachman
Date Published: 2011
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute on Drug Abuse
Bethesda, MD 20892-9561
Grant Number: DA06124;DA06948;2008-IX-0017
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper examines the effects of TC treatment on the long-term success of offenders, up to 18 years after release from prison.
Abstract: Earlier research by Inciardi and colleagues established the long-term positive effects of a therapeutic community (TC) continuum of treatment for drug-involved offenders. Using data from his original longitudinal study and archival records of criminal justice re-arrest and recidivism, this paper extends these analyses to examine the effects of TC treatment on the long-term success of offenders, up to 18 years after release from prison. Multivariate trajectory analysis is used to examine patterns of re-arrest and desistance among a sample of 1,363 clients followed up in person for 5 years and subsequently with record checks through state and NCIC criminal justice systems. Results indicate significant reductions in new arrests for those who received TC treatment in each of the five trajectories modeled for patterns of persistence and desistance. Discussion centers on the strengths of the relationships in each modeled trajectory and the implications for long-term understanding of drug offenders and criminal behavior. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Drug treatment
Index Term(s): Drug Related Crime; Drug treatment programs; NIJ grant-related documents; Recidivism; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment/Therapeutic Community
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.