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NCJ Number: 236513 Find in a Library
Title: Specific Deterrent Effect of Higher Fines on Drink-Driving Offenders
Journal: British Journal of Criminology  Volume:51  Issue:5  Dated:September 2011  Pages:789-803
Author(s): Don Weatherburn; Steve Moffatt
Date Published: September 2011
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
Sydney NSW 2000, Australia
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This research study examined the specific deterrent effect of higher fines on drink-drive recidivism in New South Wales (NSW), Australia.
Abstract: Fines are an extremely common sanction in most Western countries and, in some countries, have become an important source of government revenue. Despite this, the deterrent effectiveness of high fines has received little research attention. This article reports the results of a two-stage least-squares analysis of the specific deterrent effect of high fines on drink-driving offenders in (NSW), Australia, in which judicial severity served as the instrumental variable. Despite substantial variation in the fines imposed by magistrates on drink-drivers, no significant deterrent effect from higher fines was found. Various explanations for the failure to observe a deterrent effect are discussed. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Australia; Deterrence effectiveness
Index Term(s): Alcohol-Related Offenses; Behavior modification; Drunk driver programs; Risk taking behavior
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