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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 236813 Find in a Library
Title: Goodbye to a Worn-Out Dichotomy: Law Enforcement, Social Work, and a Balanced Approach (A Survey of Federal Probation Officer Attitudes)
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:75  Issue:2  Dated:September 2011  Pages:7-12
Author(s): Jay Whetzel; Mario Paparozzi; Melissa Alexander; Christopher T. Lowenkamp
Date Published: September 2011
Page Count: 6
Type: Literature Review; Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: After a brief review of the relevant research literature, this study presents preliminary findings from two surveys on job orientation administered to Federal probation officers in three districts.
Abstract: The research review focuses on probation officer attitudes, the link between officer attitudes and performance/outcomes, as well as how to change officer attitudes in order to reflect evidence-based findings regarding the link between officer attitudes and performance/outcomes. Regarding the two surveys, findings show that the Federal probation officers who completed the surveys are balanced in their approach to their work, i.e. using a blend of social work and law enforcement that is neither indulgent of antisocial attitudes and noncompliance nor authoritative and heavy-handed. Combining the balanced approach with the evidence-based program and principles that continue to emerge will likely result in significant increases in positive outcomes. The researchers asked three districts (Massachusetts, the Eastern District of Michigan, and the Middle District of North Carolina) to participate in the officer survey. All three districts have been involved in implementing evidence-based principles in their districts, have shown interest in understanding the impact of officer orientation on supervision, and have a history of surveying officers for various purposes. All probation officers, probation officer assistants, supervisory probation officers, deputy chiefs, and chiefs were asked to complete two surveys, the Officer Orientation Questionnaire (see Paparozzi and Gendreau, 2005) and the Staff Attitudes Survey (see Fulton et al., 1997). The researchers used a modified Dillman method (Dillman, 2000) to conduct the surveys. 7 tables and 46 references
Main Term(s): Corrections policies
Index Term(s): Law enforcement; Massachusetts; Michigan; North Carolina; Probation casework; Probation effectiveness; Probation management; Probation officer attitudes; Probation or parole agencies; Probation or parole services; Social work
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