skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 236871 Find in a Library
Title: In the Eye of the Beholder: Sex and Race Estimation Using the Human Orbital Aperture
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:56  Issue:6  Dated:November 2011  Pages:1424-1429
Author(s): Polly R. Husmann, Ph.D.; David R. Samson, M.A.
Date Published: November 2011
Page Count: 6
Publisher: http://www.wiley.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: From the works of Broca and Krogman to modern-day Jantz and Buikstra, the orbit has been used for both quantitative and qualitative sex and race estimation. This study evaluates the practical value of these estimations.
Abstract: Orbital height and breadth were measured to determine the orbital index and assess differences between men and women or Black people and White people in the Hamann–Todd Collection. Replicability of these measures was also examined. Finally, a geometric morphometric study was performed to assess shape differences using the entire margin. Significant differences were found in both the index and the geomorphometric study; however, further investigation revealed that the differences were of little practical use. The measurement differences were found to be smaller than intra-observer error, while the geometric morphometric analysis demonstrated that minimal percentage of variation in shape was attributable to group differences. Thus, these techniques should not be used to estimate sex or race. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Bone analysis; Forensic sciences; Gender determination; Investigative techniques; Race; Victim identification
Note: Presented at the 78th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, March 31-April 4, 2009, in Chicago, IL.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=258891

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.