skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 236893 Find in a Library
Title: Availability of Target Odor Compounds From Seized Ecstasy Tablets for Canine Detection
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:56  Issue:6  Dated:November 2011  Pages:1594-1600
Author(s): Michael S. Macias, Ph.D.; Kenneth G. Furton, Ph.D.
Date Published: November 2011
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2006-DN-BX-K027
Publisher: http://www.wiley.com 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The aim of this study was to compare seized samples of 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (MDMA) pills, used to train law enforcement detection canine teams, to determine what differences exist in the chemical makeup and headspace odor and their effect on detectability. MDMA solutions were analyzed by liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry.
Abstract: Analysis of these samples showed a wide variance of MDMA (8–25 percent). Headspace SPME-GC/MS analysis showed that several compounds such as 3,4-methylenedioxyphenylacetone and 1-(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)-2-propanol are common among these MDMA samples regardless of starting compound and synthesis procedure. However, differences, such as the level of the various methylenedioxy starting compounds, were shown to affect the overall outcome of canine detection, indicating the need for more than one MDMA training aid. Combinations of compounds such as the primary odor piperonal in conjunction with a secondary compound such as MDP-2-OH or isosafrole are recommended to maximize detection of different illicit MDMA samples. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Drug detection
Index Term(s): Chromatography; Drug detection dogs; Forensic sciences; Investigative techniques; Mass spectroscopy; MDMA (designer drug); NIJ grant-related documents; Police dog training
Note: Presented at the 61st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences, February 16–21, 2009, in Denver, CO.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=258913

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.