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NCJ Number: 237074 Find in a Library
Title: Wife Beating in South Africa: An Imbalance Theory of Resources and Power
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:23  Issue:6  Dated:June 2008  Pages:834-852
Author(s): Susanne Y.P. Choi; Kwok-Fai Ting
Date Published: June 2008
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: University of the Witwatersrand,
Document: PDF
Type: Research (Theoretical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses an imbalance theory to explain physical violence against women in intimate relationships in South Africa.
Abstract: The theory proposes four typologies: dependence, compensation, submission, and transgression, through which imbalances in resource contribution and power distribution between spouses are hypothesized to contribute to violence. The dependence hypothesis suggests that economic dependence of the wife will lead to more violence. The compensation hypothesis argues that the husband will use force to compensate for his inability to live up to the male-provider norm. The submission hypothesis suggests that violence will increase due to the submission of women in male-dominated families. Finally, the transgression hypothesis argues that men in female-dominated families will use force to punish their wives for supposedly transgressing the gender norm of male dominance. Empirical evidence provided some support for the dependence, submission, and transgression hypotheses. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Domestic assault; Domestic relations; Domestic violence causes; Economic influences; Foreign criminal justice research; Gender issues; Male offenders; Offender attitudes; Self concept; South Africa
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