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NCJ Number: 237173 Find in a Library
Title: Maintaining Order Under the Rule of Law: Occupational Templates and the Police Use of Force
Journal: Journal of Crime & Justice  Volume:34  Issue:3  Dated:November 2011  Pages:163-177
Author(s): Robert J. Kane; Shea W. Cronin
Date Published: November 2011
Page Count: 15
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This research examines factors associated with police use of force.
Abstract: The present study develops a theoretical argument that research on police use of force should begin to examine the phenomenon in terms of police occupational templates above and beyond the traditional escalation of force paradigm. Investigating police use of force through the lenses of occupational templates (e.g., the symbolic assailant and the asshole) may provide insight into the goals of police officers when they applied the force – i.e., whether they primarily wished to control suspects from a distance, or retaliate for an affront to their authority. The study uses an analytical strategy designed to examine a categorical use of force dependent variable, which relaxes the assumptions of rank-order, in an effort to distinguish different applications of force based on a set of independent variables. Though the data are severely limited, the study finds evidence that supports the use of occupational templates in the examination of use of force. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Lawful use of force
Index Term(s): Assaults on police; Offenders; Police-citizen interactions; Selective enforcement
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