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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 237183 Find in a Library
Title: Costs and Benefits of Behavioral Health Court: Findings From "Examining Program Costs and Outcomes of San Francisco’s Behavioral Health Court"
Author(s): Arley Lindberg MSW
Corporate Author: US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 2009
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: HTML
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document; News/Media
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the evaluation outcomes and methodology for the San Francisco Behavioral Health Court (BHC), which was established in early 2003 in order to provide close monitoring of a subset of mentally ill offenders whose criminal behavior is directly linked to their mental illness.
Abstract: The evaluation outcome results showed that participation in the court, even when a participant did not complete the entire program, contributed to positive outcomes. BHC participation predicted a longer time to any new charge. At 18 months, the treatment group was 26 percent less likely to be charged with a new offense compared to the treatment-as-usual group. BHC participation also resulted in a longer time to a new charge for a violent offense. The treatment group was 55 percent less likely to be charged with a new violent offense compared to the treatment-as-usual group. Outcomes for BHC graduates were significantly better for the aforementioned measures compared to both BHC non-graduates and the treatment-as-usual group. Participation in BHC is voluntary; and in many cases, the defendant is not required to enter a guilty plea to criminal charges in order to enter the program. In order to qualify for BHC participation, defendants must be diagnosed as having an axis 1 mental disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) or, in some circumstances, developmental disabilities. Defendants must also be amenable to treatment in the community mental health system. The seriousness of the charge is also a consideration. The BHC provides services to participants through a continuum of care, beginning with in-jail services, transitional care prior to release, and early release into the community. The court has adopted several practices for treating mentally ill offenders. Cost and relevant studies are reviewed. 2 references with Web site addresses
Main Term(s): Mental Health Courts
Index Term(s): California; Mental health services; Mentally ill offenders; Recidivism; Recidivism statistics; Services effectiveness
Note: From "Crime"
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