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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 237224 Find in a Library
Title: Shifting Perspectives A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Working Alliance Inventory (Short Form) With High-Risk Violent Offenders
Journal: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparartive Criminology  Volume:55  Issue:8  Dated:December 2011  Pages:1308-1323
Author(s): Elizabeth C. Ross; Devon L. L. Polaschek; Marc Wilson
Date Published: December 2011
Page Count: 16
Document: PDF
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI).
Abstract: The Working Alliance Inventory (WAI) is the most widely used measure of the therapeutic alliance. However, previous studies of the factor structure of the WAI have obtained disparate results. This study examined ratings from three rater perspectives (therapists, clients, and observers) in a rehabilitation program for high-risk violent prisoners with high PCL-psychopathy scores. The authors used confirmatory factor analysis with a short version of the WAI and examined one-, two-, and three-factor models. It was hypothesized that the context and client characteristics could alter the factor structure of the ratings. However, no differences were found in factor structure by perspective; the results from all rater perspectives suggested that a two-factor structure was the best fit for the data. Thus, the authors concluded that therapists, observers, and prisoners all saw the goals and task aspects of the therapeutic alliance as distinct from the bond component. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Violent offenders
Index Term(s): Inmate treatment; New Zealand; Rehabilitation; Treatment effectiveness
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