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NCJ Number: 237242 Find in a Library
Title: Correlates of HIV Testing Among Abused Women in South Africa
Journal: Violence Against Women  Volume:17  Issue:8  Dated:August 2011  Pages:1014-1023
Author(s): Julie L. Adams; Nathan B. Hansen; Ashley M. Fox; Baishakhi B. Taylor; Madri Jansen van Rensburg; Rakgadi Mohlahlane; Kathleen J. Sikkema
Date Published: August 2011
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Ctr for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS (CIRA)
New Haven, CT 06520-8034
Fogarty International Ctr
Bethesda, MD 20892-2220
National Ctr for Research Resources
Bethesda, MD 20892-4874
National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
World AIDS Foundation (WAF)
Indianapolis, IN 46250
Grant Number: WAF 244 01-016;D43-TW05808;P30-MH62294;5KL2RR024127-03
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Gender-based violence increases a woman’s risk for HIV but little is known about her decision to get tested.
Abstract: Gender-based violence increases a woman’s risk for HIV but little is known about her decision to get tested. The authors interviewed 97 women seeking abuse-related services from a nongovernmental organization (NGO) in Johannesburg, South Africa. Forty-six women (47 percent) had been tested for HIV. Caring for children (odds ratio [OR] = 0.27, 95 percent confidence interval [CI] = [0.07, 1.00]) and conversing with partner about HIV (OR = 0.13, 95 percent CI = [0.02, 0.85]) decreased odds of testing. Stronger risk-reduction intentions (OR = 1.27, 95 percent CI = [1.01, 1.60]) and seeking help from police (OR = 5.51, 95 percent CI = [1.18, 25.76]) increased odds of testing. Providing safe access to integrated services and testing may increase testing in this population. Infection with HIV is highly prevalent in South Africa where an estimated 16.2 percent of adults between the ages of 15 and 49 have the virus. The necessary first step to stemming the spread of HIV and receiving life-saving treatment is learning one’s HIV serostatus through testing. Many factors may contribute to someone’s risk of HIV infection and many barriers may prevent testing. One factor that does both is gender-based violence. (Published Abstract)
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Domestic assault; HIV antibody test; Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS); South Africa; Victim counseling; Victims of violent crime
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