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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 237314 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Multisystemic Therapy (MST) on Recidivism Among Juvenile Delinquents in New York State
Author(s): Susan Mitchell-Herzfeld; Therese A. Shady; Janet Mayo; Do Han Kim; Kelly Marsh; Vajeera Dorabawila; Faye Rees
Corporate Author: New York State Office of Children and Family Services
United States of America
Date Published: June 2008
Page Count: 112
Sponsoring Agency: New York State Office of Children and Family Services
Rensselaer, NY 12144-2834
Sale Source: New York State Office of Children and Family Services
Capital View Office Park
52 Washington Street
Rensselaer, NY 12144-2834
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report presents the results of an independent evaluation that examined the implementation and effects of the multisystemic therapy (MST) program initiated by the Office of Children and Family Services (OCFS) for the purpose of reducing the high rate of recidivism by juveniles released from New York State’s juvenile facilities.
Abstract: The process evaluation found that although the application of the MST program was unique in the timing of service delivery and the severity of the target population, services provided adhered to the MST treatment principles and analytical model. The problems faced by the youth and families served by the MST program were multiple and severe. Recidivism rates were higher for youth when their families had mental health, criminal affiliation, and family conflict issues. The impact evaluation found that MST was not effective in decreasing recidivism rates among OCFS youth. Contrary to expectations, participation in MST was not associated with lower rates of rearrest, reconviction, or reincarceration. In both the pilot period and the post-pilot period, boys and girls who received MST services were rearrested at about the same rate as boys and girls who received usual aftercare services. Overall, rearrest rates were high, with about 85-90 percent of boys in both the MST and control groups rearrested within 3 years of release. Frequency of rearrest was also similar across the MST and control groups. The rate and frequency of rearrest were lower among girls, but still comparable across the MST and control groups. Consistent with past research, there were few subgroup differences in treatment effects. MST is a short-term, intensive treatment approach that integrates a social-ecological approach to human development with empirical research on the causes of antisocial behavior. The process and impact evaluation methodologies are described. 39 references and extensive tables and figures
Main Term(s): Juvenile rehabilitation
Index Term(s): Juvenile Recidivism; New York; Treatment effectiveness; Treatment techniques
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